In Nepal a significant numbers of children are out of system of child protection though Nepal’s child protection system has been governed by a broad range of laws, rules and policies aimed at preventing and responding to all forms of violence, exploitation and abuse against children. Lack of will power of system administrator, poverty, inequality, illiteracy, cultural rigidities, alcoholism, patriarchal mindset, gender based violence and domestic violence are important reasons, which cause the frequent violation of children’s rights. Many Nepalese orphan children belonging to vulnerable ultra poor house-holds are compelled to be separated from their families and are living in child care homes, living on streets and engaging in the worst forms of child labour. In Rupandehi more than 200 children are on street, about 500 are working as an employee and a large numbers of children are still out of school. Still, early child marriage is taking place in south era of district.
Activities related to child protection
– Campaigning for child protection and awareness raising (community work)
– Counseling, management of street children, rehabilitation and reintegration
– Transit home for street children and vulnerable children
– Education support
– Advocacy for the community based child protection system (Informal)
Water And Sanitation and Hygiene
CIN Nepal works with adolescents and women groups to improve the WASH in community. In the WASH program, so far, 281 women (with the support of NEFUM) and 370 adolescents (with the support of Sainamaina Municipality and Butwal sub metropolitan) were trained and sensitized about drinking water, sanitation and menstruation hygiene. In addition, 40 water filter, and 507 sanitary pads were distributed.
Advocacy for the community based child protection system (Informal)
Community actors can play an instrumental role in child protection system in their local community as following:
- Raising awareness on issues, laws and services related to child protection
- Influencing social practices and behavior through workshop, meeting and training
- Detecting and receiving reports of vulnerable children and data management
- Deciding actions to be taken, including referrals as per the needs of individual children because the needs of individual must be difference
- Bridging gaps between communities and the formal system: report crimes, access to social services; follow up responses from the justice system.
CIN worked 54 children who were living and working on the streets and 44 children were reintegrated with family and 10 are living in rehabilitation home.
Women’s Village Bank and Saving Credit Cooperative
CIN has made 40 women’s village Bank of 1090 women in 6 VDCs of Rupandehi district in 1998 to 2003 with the support of Pact International and The Asia Foundation (WEP). WEP was funded by USAID. There were 3 components like: 1. Empowering Literacy 2. Legal education 3. Women’s village bank. Later on, the village Bank have registered as women’s Cooperative.
Trafficking and Safe Migration
An emerging trend of trafficking in migration cycle has been highly overlooked. Foreign labor migration has become one of the key sources for livelihoods with both men and women migrating. However, the government policy of 30 years ban for women migration is actually perpetuating trafficking as women are forced to illegal and informal channels mainly through India and Tibet. Restriction on right to mobility (30 years ban) does not prevent women being trafficked rather it is putting women to more vulnerable situation being out of any legal protection. Right to mobility for women should be ensured by the state with adequate information and trainings, so that they are not vulnerable to trafficking. Further, a form of internal trafficking is also taking place with women and girls being trafficked to cities to be in the entertainment sectors facing some of the worst forms of labor. Number of recommendations focused on comprehensive legislation and stringent enforcement of law for prevention of trafficking and protection of women, children. The government also responded that the current trafficking Act provides comprehensive legal framework and that the national plan of action has been implemented. However, both these policy and legal framework has not sufficiently addressed the emerging trend of trafficking in migration cycle or internal trafficking. Trafficked survivors who are “reintegrated” also facing challenges as the government policy is creating more stigma than support.
Key working issues under the topics are as follows:
- Activities with vulnerable migrant people
- Capacity building to trafficked women and girls
- Activities against child labour in Rupandehi district
- Protecting street children
Protecting Women Human Rights through a Feminist Network
Although, we work for Women Human Rights and share equal responsibility for human rights work too, women face a higher level of risk compared to male. Women suffer from the wider patriarchal values. We together with feminist network have been working proactively for the prevention of VAW. Female community health workers, group leaders and young female journalist play a major role in providing care and information on VAW including reproductive and sexual health and rights. As these rights are considered a taboo, these women as well as other human right defenders who advocate for these rights get constantly threatened, harassed and abused. This needs to be acknowledged with proper support mechanism by the State. To effectively provide protection and security to the feminist leader, security guideline and policies need to be implemented. For this, our feminist network have been working proactively through publication of stories, article, training, workshop and advocacy campaign as well as 16 days activism and March 8 campaign.
- Development of feminist network
- Empowering activities with single women
- Capacity building training to young female journalist
Psycho-social Counseling (PSC) and Psychological First Aid (PFA)
CIN works for psychosocial interventions (PSIs) with GBV survivors, people living with HIV/AIDS, STIs, migrant workers who are in foreign employment and disaster survivors when and where people need it. CIN does distance counseling with migrant workers to reduce their loneliness, depression, stress and the rate of suicide that is happening in foreign country as well as in hometown caused loneliness, depression and GBV. PSIs is a group of non-pharmacological therapeutic interventions which address the psychological problem, social issues, personal problem and interpersonal relationship problems associated with mental health disorders. PSIs address both the primary symptoms of the mental health problem and the secondary experiences which arise as a consequence of the mental health problem; as such PSIs are a person-based intervention rather than only symptom-based treatment. CIN has been working on this issue to prevent suicide, to empower women, young people and children. During the work, if necessary, CIN provides referral service to clients as per their need and interest. CIN also provides basic psychosocial training to social mobilizors and they are working with community as bear foot counselors. In addition, CIN provides Psychological First Aid (PFA) training to leader of women groups and young feminist of a district network. The activities under this action are as follows:
- Psychosocial counseling to survivors and vulnerable women, girls, children and migrant workers who are in abroad
- Referral service
- Psychological First Aid (PFA) service
- Training on Psychological First Aid (PFA) and Psychosocial counseling
Agro based livelihood support
CIN focus on organic farming system by using women friendly technique and mechanism. This project has been doing in partnership with LTCLRC, Sainamaina and district agriculture office.
The agricultural sector in rural areas makes a large contribution to raising the prosperity for women mostly GBV survivors and trafficked women and to increase economic growth of the district as well as country. The GBV survivor of Rupandehi district engages in productive and profitable agricultural and agri-business that ensure food security and increase household income in the women’s leadership which surely help to make a decision on her favor. In addition women’s independency, power relation with men and other family members as well as society have been increased significantly because of having own income generating project. Following activities are in action:
- Formation of agriculture group of women farmers
- Conduction of training on organic farming, commercial farming and marketing
- Providing practical answers service to enquirers on organic farming and technique
- Training on homemade pesticide
- Training on mineral block
- Training on vegetable farming and goat farming.
Education and Health Support to Orphan Children:
Orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Nepal generally have lower rates of enrollment, attendance, and school performance than non-orphaned and less vulnerable children. In fact that, half the OVC enrolled at the end of primary school do not continue to the secondary level. The low transition rate into secondary schools is partially a result of caregivers not being able to afford to pay for a child’s education. Secondary schools are rarely free and students must pay for tuition as well as books, uniforms, examination fees, and other school-related expenditures.
One current intervention aimed at improving school attendance and performance is to grant cash to the child’s caregivers or a scholarship to the individual child to cover educational costs. Another way to support OVC education is to provide “block grants” to affected schools so that they can waive tuition for OVC and implement school-based programs to assist them. 10 years long conflict, GBV, Rape, Earthquake, and other natural disaster have been increasing OVC day by day. And OVC (under 14 aged) are in vulnerable work for food to live. In this situation, CIN has initiated to raise fund from each Nepali and foreigner people as well as organization to secure their lives, education, and health.